FRBR Bibliography

A short bibliography of articles on FRBR and the usefulness of relationships in a bibliographic context.

  1. Bates, Marcia J. 1989. The Design of Browsing and Berrypicking Techniques for the Online Search Interface. Online Review 13 (5): 407-24.
    Available at (accessed January 17, 2007). An important paper that describes a more natural model of information retrieval. âBerrypickingâ is an iterative information retrieval process where the user is taken from one resource to another through a series of relationships. While not specifically dealing with FRBR, this paper gives justifications for relational models of information retrieval.
  2. Hemmasi, Harriette. 2002. Why Not Marc? In Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Music Information Retrieval (ISMIR 2002), Paris, France, October 2002.
    Available at (accessed January 17, 2007). Paper presenting some of the challenges faced by the Variations2 project at Indiana University, specifically with using the MARC format for metadata. Presents a new model based heavily on FRBR and the advantages this brings to an online environment.
  3. IFLA Study Group on the functional requirements for bibliographic records. 1998. Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records: Final Report. Munich, Germany: K.G. Saur.
    Available at (accessed 17 January, 2007). The final report on FRBR provides a rich reference source for anyone looking to research or implement this model.
  4. Le Boeuf, Patrick. 2001. FRBR and Further. Cataloguing & Classification Quarterly 32 (4): 15-52.
    An article summarizing many comments on FRBR and highlighting some of the areas of further work. Gives both historical context, interpretation of the model, and an extensive (but not exhaustive) bibliography.
  5. Minibayeva, Natalia, and Jon W. Dunn. 2002. A Digital Library Data Model for Music. In Proceedings of the Second ACM/IEEE-CS Joint Conference on Digital Libraries, Portland, Oregon, July 2002, 154-155.
    Available at (accessed January 17, 2007). Explains some of the challenges faced by the Variations2 project in developing a digital music library and introduces their internal data model based on FRBR.
  6. Morville, Peter. 2005. Ambient Findability. Sebastopol, CA: O'Reilly.
    Available as an eBook subscription with OâReilly through McGill University: (accessed January 17, 2007). A fascinating book that introduces and explains methods of making information more âfindableâ through intersections of various technologies. Of particular interest is the chapter on Information Interaction as it deals with the natural tendencies and preferences of human beings in their interactions with information.
  7. Smiraglia, Richard P. 2001. Musical Works as Information Retrieval Entities: Epistemological Perspectives. In Proceedings of the Second Annual International Symposium on Music Information Retrieval (ISMIR 2001), Bloomington, Indiana, October 2001.
    Available at (accessed January 17, 2007). Highlights some of the challenges faced with music information retrieval, specifically focusing on the different ways music can be represented and the impact this has on retrieval. Examines the concept of the work in FRBR as a central component for music retrieval.
  8. Tillett, Barbara. 2005. What is FRBR? A Conceptual Model for the Bibliographic Universe. Australian Library Journal 54 (1).
    Available at (accessed January 17, 2007). An introductory article on FRBR and its impacts on the library profession and on information retrieval.
  9. Vellucci, Sherry L. 1999. Metadata for Music. Fontes Artis Musicae 46 (3-4): 205-17.
    Highlights some of the challenges faced when providing metadata for musical entities. Touches on FRBR as a method of precisely determining which facets of the item need to be described.
  10. Vellucci, Sherry L. 1997. Bibliographic Relationships in Music Catalogs. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press.
    Details the levels of relationships that musical entities have between each other, specifically within the context of library catalogues.

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