Hidden Markov Model (Fujinaga)

L.R. Rabiner,  and B.H. Juang. 1986. An introduction to hidden markov models. In IEEE ASSP Magazine. 4--15.

L. R. Rabiner. 1989. A Tutorial on Hidden Markov Models and Selected Applications in Speech Recognition. Proceedings of the IEEE 77(2): 257--85.

R. J. Elliott, L. Aggoun, and J. B. Moore. Hidden Markov Models: Estimation and Control.
   Springer-Verlag, New York, 1995.
Krogh, A., M. Brown, I. S. Mian, K. Sjolander and D. Haussler. (1994). Hidden Markov models in
      computational biology: applications to protein modeling. J. Mol. Bio. 235: 1501-1531.
Huang, X. D., Y. Ariki and M.A. Jack. (1990). Hidden Markov Models for Speech Recognition. Edinburgh, UK:
      Edinburgh University Press.
MacDonald, I. L. and W. Zucchini. (1997). Hidden Markov and Other Models for Discrete-Valued Time Series.
      New York: Chapman and Hall.

Applications: Speech recognition, biochemistry, OCR, video tracking, beat tracking, lip reading.