Chicago Manual of Style


Online version (McGill only)

  • Use the Author-Date system, for example,  (Kingma and Ba 2014)
  • Do not use a reference in parentheses as a subject or an object of a sentence 
    • For example, do not write:  “(Kingma and Ba 2014)  is a highly cited paper. ” Write: “Kingma and Ba (2014) is a highly cited paper.”
  • Never underline
  • Use en-dash between numbers
  • Be consistent in the use of serial comma (I prefer Oxford comma)
  • Minimize the use of Internet references (e.g., Wikipedia), expect for established online journals (e.g., D-Lib)
  • Distinguish between quotes (“”) and apostrophes (’) from inch marks ('' )and foot marks (')
  • No double spaces after a period or anywhere
  • e.g., means for example (exempli gratia); use the comma
  • i.e., means in other words (id est); use the comma
  • No spaces before and after em-dash
  • Avoid contractions (e.g., don’t)
  • In Author-Date citations: no comma between author name and the date; semi-colon between multiple citations
  • Define (spell out) acronym on its first appearance, unless it is very familiar to the audience (e.g., MIDI)
  • Know the difference between restrictive and non-restrictive clauses. Most use of which should likely be replaced by that. Hint: There should be a comma before which
  • Use the date format: 1 April 2001 (least amount of punctuation); or use ISO style: 2001-04-01
  • Be consistent about where to put punctuations; inside or outside quote signs
  • Join Ich’s campaign to make realtime one word
  • Use all the digits in inclusive numbers, such as, page number (e.g., 143–144 and 2233–2245)
  • Compound-adjectives hint: does the adjective before the noun and the noun make sense without the hyphen? For example:
    • frequency-domain feature
    • snare drum strokes
    • polyphonic piano transcription systems
    • higher-level musical knowledge-based rules
    • early music technology research
  • No hyphen after an adverb ending in “ly”
  • Examples in The Chicago Manual of Style (17th ed.):
  • More examples at Naval Postgraduate School (17th ed.). But use Day Month Year format.
  • Examples in The Chicago Manual of Style (16th ed.):
  • ISMIR conference names
    • 2009–: International Society for Music Information Retrieval Conference
    • 2002–2008: International Conference on Music Information Retrieval
    • 2000–2001: International Symposium on Music Information Retrieval
Bibtex tools

Created: 2004-01-02 Modified: Ichiro Fujinaga
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