Chicago manual of style



Online version (McGill only)


Bibtex style file (ichago.sty)

  • Use Author-Date system
  • Never underline
  • Use n-dash between numbers
  • Be consistent in the use of serial comma (I prefer Oxford comma)
  • Minimize the use of Internet references, expect for established online journals, e.g., D-Lib
  • Use sentence-style capitalization for article titles, but not for books, journals, and proceedings
  • Use the simplest page-number style, e.g., 101–5, 98–101 or use the complicated version:
  • Distinguish between quotes (“”) and apostprohes (’) from inch marks (')and foot marks (")
  • No double spaces after a period or anywhere.
  • e.g., means for example (exempli gratia); use the comma
  • i.e., means in other words (id est); use the comma
  • No spaces before and after em-dash
  • In Author-Date citations: no comma between author name and the date; semi-colon between multiple citations
  • Define (spell out) acronym on its first appearance, unless it is very familiar to the audience (e.g., MIDI)
  • Know the difference between restrictive and non-restrictive clauses. Most use of which should likely be replaced by that. Hint: should be a comma before which
  • Use the date format: 1 April 2001 (least amount of punctuation)
  • Be consistent about where to put punctuations; inside or outside quote signs
  • Join Ich’s campaign to make realtime one word
  • Compound-adjectives hint: does the adjective before the noun and the noun make sense without the hyphen? For example:
    • frequency-domain feature
    • snare drum strokes
    • polyphonic piano transcription systems
    • higher-level musical knowledge-based rules
    • early music technology research
  • Examples in The Chicago Manual of Style (16th ed.):

Created: 2004-01-02 Modified: Ichiro Fujinaga
McGill Crest