Homework Policy |

**"Collaboration" Policy:** Students can often learn a great deal from their peers. Feel free to seek help from other students (as well as the instructor) when you are having difficulty. But **DO NOT COPY** assignments. I expect you to write your own derivations, scripts, and code.

**Matlab and C++ Code Remarks:** Your Matlab and C++ programs should be easy to read and understand. At the top of each program, provide the program name, your name, and information about the program and how to use it. For C++ programs, included a g++ compiler statement that can be used to compile the program in the working directory. In your code, be liberal with comments. Even when a program does not execute properly, partial credit may be given based on comments that show good understanding of the issues and ways to approach the solutions. Use the C++ style guide to uniformly format your code.

Week 9: Homework #6 | Due in class Wednesday, 9 November 2016 |

- In Matlab, use frequency-domain, transmission-matrix techniques to calculate and plot the input impedance of a sequence of 3 cylindrical sections with the following dimensions: radii = 0.015, 0.01, and 0.008 meters, lengths = 0.01, 0.07, 0.09 meters. The Matlab script ZinMatrix.m should help you get started. You will also need the script reflpoly.m. [10 pts]
- In Matlab, implement a digital waveguide model of the three-segment cylindrical pipe structure defined above and calculate both the impulse response and input impedance of the structure. Ignore viscothermal losses. The Matlab script ZinWaveguide.m should help you get started. [10 pts]

Week 8: Reading |

Week 7: Homework #5 | Due in class Wednesday, 26 October 2016 |

- Homework #5 (PDF)
- Course Text: pages 251-277, 459-468.

Week 6: Homework #4 | Due via email by class time on Wednesday, 19 October 2016 |

- Write a Matlab script that implements the Karplus-Strong algorithm. The fundamental frequency, time duration, and blend factor of the computation should be specified at the top of the script. The computation should allow a fractional delayline length using allpass interpolation. [10 pts]
- Implement the same algorithm in STK using the
`DelayA`,`Noise`, and`OneZero`classes. The output should be written to a soundfile. The program should take user arguments to control the fundamental frequency, time duration, and blend factor and a`usage`statement should be provided to specify algorithm parameters if an incorrect number of parameters is specified (or the parameters are invalid). It is not necessary to create a C++ class. [10 pts] - Course Text / Reading: pages 533-560.

Week 5: Reading |

- Prepare one-page project proposals (to be emailed to instructor).
- Karplus, K. and Strong, A. "Digital Synthesis of Plucked String and Drum Timbres,"
*Computer Music Journal*, 7(2), 1983, pp. 43-55. - Jaffe, D. A. and Smith, Julius O., "Extensions of the Karplus-Strong Plucked String Algorithm,"
*Computer Music Journal*, 7(2), 1983, pp. 56-69. - Course Text / Reading: pages 203-223.

Week 4: Homework #3 | Due via email by class time on Wednesday, 5 October 2016 |

- Write a Matlab script or an STK program (using existing classes) to create one of the following effects: Flanger, Phaser, or Doppler Shift. The script or program should take a soundfile as input and write the effected sound to a new output soundfile. [10 pts]
- Course Text / Reading: pages 65-69, 85-119.

Week 3: Homework #2 | Due in class on Wednesday, 28 September 2016 |

- Read J. A. Moorer "About this reverberation business,"
*Computer Music Journal*, Vol. 3, No. 2, pp. 13-18, 1979. - Assuming sound propagates at
*c*= 343 meters per second (at 20 degrees Celsius), find the delay-line length*M*that can be used to simulate sound propagation delay over a distance of approximately 10 meters (rounded to the nearest sample), where the simulation sampling rate is 44.1 kHz. [1 pt] - Suppose that pressure-wave amplitude was observed to decay by a factor of 2 in the geometry of the previous problem. In other words, sound propagation over a distance of 10 meters is associated with 6.02 dB of loss at all frequencies. What is the loss associated with propagation over one spatial sample. [1 pt]
- Sketch a delay-line simulation of an acoustic point-source at
*p*= (1, 1, 0) meters, a listener at_{1}*p*= (2, 0, 0), a reflecting wall at_{2}*w*= (_{1}*x*, 2,*z*), and a second reflecting wall at*w*= (0,_{2}*y*,*z*). Assume the wall reflection coefficient is 1, and that air absorption is 0.1 dB per meter at all frequencies. Assume the wave propagation is spherical, with appropriate scaling factors. [5 pts]- (a) Find all acoustic path lengths.
- (b) Find all acoustic path gains.
- (c) Assuming sound speed is c = 343 meters per second, and the sampling rate is 44.1 kHz, find all delay-line lengths.
- (d) Find the transfer function from source to listener.
- (e) Provide Matlab code to plot the echogram (impulse response) and amplitude response (magnitude frequency response).

- Add interpolation (either linear or allpass) functionality to your Matlab delay-line implementation from Homework #1. The interpolation operation should happen inside your delay loop without making use of the
`filter`function (i.e., implement your own filtering difference equation). Include a test of this functionality in the script. [5 pts]

Week 2: Homework #1 | Due in class Wednesday, 21 September 2016 |

- Consider the digital filter described by the block diagram in Fig. 1 above:
- Write the difference equation for the filter.
- Use this difference equation to manually calculate the first 7 values of the filter's impulse response (show your calculations).
- In four lines or less (one instruction per line), write Matlab syntax to define the filter and calculate its impulse response (minimum of 50 values).
- Add one more line of Matlab syntax to calculate and plot the filter frequency response (magnitude and phase).
- Derive the transfer function for the filter.
- Find the roots of the transfer function denominator and use those values to discuss the stability of the filter.
- Find the range of values for the
a coefficient (in a difference equation of the form_{1}`y[n] = b`) such that the filter is always stable. Keep all the other coefficient values as specified in Fig. 1. Show all steps of the derivation of your answer._{0}x[n] + b_{1}x[n-1] + b_{2}x[n-2] - a_{1}y[n-1] - a_{2}y[n-2]

- Write a Matlab script (not a function) that implements an integer-length delay line of variable size in an iterative, single-sample computational context (using a
*for*loop). Define input and output vectors*x*and*y*, respectively, and take one sample from*x*as input to the delayline and write one sample from the delayline to*y*each iteration. Use one or two pointers to read/write values to/from the delayline during each iteration. Your script needs to work for arbitrary input vector sizes and delay length values. The delay-line length and input vector should be specified at the top of the script. [5 pts]

**Figure 1: A second-order digital filter.**

Week 1: Reading | Due in class Wednesday, 21 September 2016 |

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